Thursday, May 21, 2020
The origin of ethical principles can fundamentally be traced along two lines, firstly from necessity and secondly from want. Both motivators are based on manÃ¢â¬â¢s first instinct to fear, but the former lies in the protection of baser needs, viz. food and shelter; and the latter lies in the safeguarding of desire, viz. luxury and comfort. These appetites of man move him along the march of progress as he develops and completes his own projects- a quest that leads ultimately towards the completion of what Sartre calls manÃ¢â¬â¢s God-project. Ã¢â¬Å"The fundamental project of human reality is the desire to be God.Ã¢â¬ Society is founded precisely for the advancement of such a goal. It is the result of the marriage of the desire for the completion of manÃ¢â¬â¢s projects and the two motivators of man. Society allows man to survive (fulfill base needs) and thrive (complete projects), as ethical principles are ingrained into the very fabric of its nature. Ethical principles are then merely physiological responses for the preservation of a certain kind of life. Thou shalt not kill. Ã¢Å¸ º I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be killed. Thou shalt not bear false witness. Ã¢Å¸ º I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be deceived. Thou shalt not covet thy neighborÃ¢â¬â¢s wife. Ã¢Å¸ º I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be stolen from. Behind the clay tablets in which these commandments were inscribed is the hand of man; A hand that trembles in fear of death, of deception, of theft.1 These laws come from no God, but rather from rational fear and cowardice in theShow MoreRelatedMorals and Ethics1023 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMorals and Ethics in Society Kalob Lisk Rasmussen College Author Note This paper is being submitted on July 14, 2016, for Thomas SantangeloÃ¢â¬â¢s B406 Business Law and Ethical Behavior course. Morals and Ethics in Society Morals and ethics in society play major roles in our lives and our work environments and I am more than happy to write this research paper to help explain the similarities and its key differences. And this research paper will also include where both morals and ethicsRead MoreEthics As A Textbook Definition Of Ethics Essay1129 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJones Sontag, Becker and Fogelin (1969) define ethics as Ã¢â¬Å"the attempt to state and evaluate principles by which ethical problems may be solved.Ã¢â¬ (Cooper, p.1). While Cooper (p.1) refers to this as a textbook definition of ethics, it is nonetheless accurate and concise. Preston (1996) describes ethics as being concerned with Ã¢â¬Å"what is right, fair, just or good; about what we ought to doÃ¢â¬ (Cooper, p. 1-2). PrestonÃ¢â¬â¢s definition is succinct and to the point. Ethics really is about allowing what is rightRead MoreEssay on Personal Ethical System 1356 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPersonal ethical system We human beings live in a society. The society or the social world we live in is based on human cooperation. In other words, the individuals in a society do not live in an isolated self-centered world. The human interactive system presupposes ethical and moral standpoint from which we operate. My personal ethical system is based on Ã¢â¬Å"service before selfÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"love your neighbors as yourselfÃ¢â¬ . The question that I wish to address in context of these two principles ofRead MoreHinduism, Islam, And Hinduism Essay1205 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessocial graces that make a society prosper. Each religion has its unique features that differentiate it from other religions across the world. The beliefs and practices of various religions often follow a set of principles laid by the founders of that religion. In most cases, these principles often have a primary theme that they tend to support. The major religions that are practiced b many people across the world are Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism. The three religions are practiced in differentRead MoreDeveloping A Code Of Ethics1056 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescritically important to our customers, employees and investors that we adhere to all applicable laws and regulations, follow ethical business practices, maintain good corporate governance, practice transparency and treat people with respect. The ethics that follow define our company and the way we do business with all groups regardless of their origin or location. Commitment to ethical professional conduct is expected of each and every employee. Human Rights: We ensure that our business is not involvedRead MoreEthics : Ethics And Ethics1485 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescollection of moral principles carrying out the manner in which a person leads their life. In modern society philosophers divide ethical theories into three separate areas, meta-ethics, normative ethics and applied ethics. Meta-ethics refer to the origins and meanings of ethical principles, dealing with the nature of moral judgement. Normative ethics refers to what is right and wrong and concerned with the content of moral judgement. Rather applied ethics denotes to controversial ethical issues, oftenRead More Cronan analysis Essay1642 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto be reinstated. The provisions of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 are not applicable to the Cronan case. The major purposes of the Title VII provisions are to eliminate job discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The provisions of Title VII apply to employers with 15 or more employees. They also cover labor unions, employment agencies, and various other entities. Cronan could show that a hostile work environment was present (e.g. derogatory pictures, graffitiRead MoreWelfare Has Been At The Forefront Of Debate988 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmoral principles outlined. The prevalence of arguments rejecting welfare based on the small percentage of Ã¢â¬Ëdole bludgers,Ã¢â¬â¢ who mis-use the system is invalid. Based on these false pretences, the normative conclusion was that the welfare system should be abolished. The purpose of this reflection is to review the ethical dimensions explicitly and implicitly contained in the essay to determine if this a moral judgement or one merely made from a bias point of view. Furthermore, if any other ethical principlesRead MoreEssay on Human Cloning and the Value of Human Life1257 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof the human person in law is effectively expressed by the classical aphorism: Hominum cause omne ius constitutum est. This means that law is such if and to the extent to which it is based on man in his truth. Who does not see that this basic principle of every just legal system is being seriously threatened by reductive conceptions of mans essence and dignity? These concepts have given rise to the legalization of serious violations of human rights, particularly, the right to life. ObjectiveRead MoreLeadership Models And Organizational Culture852 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGrand Canyon University LDR804-Leading across Cultures September 7, 2016 Ethical Leadership Models Leaders that demonstrate a commitment to behaving in an ethical manner are viewed as trustworthy and subordinates gravitate toward them. Ethical leaders have a solid foundational belief in honesty and trustworthiness and disseminate these principles throughout the organization. This paper will present ethical leadership models as tools for shaping organizational culture. An overview of which
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The occurrence on divorce in our society today has left children emotionally and mentally hurt by this. More and more studies have been done on to see if divorce has an effect on children. I personally have had no effect of divorce, but I have had several friends who have been affected. I had little knowledge about how impactful divorce can have an affect on someone until I started doing research on this topic. Divorce is very hard on people who have to deal with this. The articles I have found to do research on all have something new and exciting to bring to the table. Of the ones I have found, I believe they will help me to understand more of the struggles young children have to cope with during such a difficult time. I also found an interesting article about the fathersÃ¢â¬â¢ perspectives on divorce. It talked about how they still want to be apart of their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives and how hard it is to keep a strong relationship with their children. I felt like it would be good to include this article into my paper because it will help me to learn from the fathersÃ¢â¬â¢ side how they handle the situation. Throughout this paper, I disused the different effects divorce has on children, the various programs and coping strategies for the children, and fathersÃ¢â¬â¢ perspectives and mother-child relationships. All of these topics are very important to divorce and the articles from the researchers did a great job of talking about these topics. Effects on Children of Divorced Families Ã¢â¬Å"Much of theShow MoreRelatedEffects Of Divorce On Children And Divorce1460 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagestodayÃ¢â¬â¢s world, most people accept divorce or separation as a way of life. Parents are unaware or do not understand the damage it can have on their children. However, in some instances, it is better to get out of an abusive relationship because that can be as toxic as divorce. On average, 50% of children who are born with married parents, will experience divorce before the age of 18 (Children and Divorce Baucom, 2010-2017). Along with divorce statistics, 40% of children in America are raised withoutRead MoreDivorce Effect On Children : Divorce1825 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesApril, 2016 Divorce Effect on Children Divorce seems to become more and more common nowadays. Divorce can be a simple or complicated process depending if children are involved. This process can have negative and positive effects in a child s life. A divorce is the legal process of a marriage coming apart. A divorce with children involve cost more and takes about eleven months for the marriage to end. The majority of the divorces happening in the United States involve children. Divorce has differentRead MoreThe Effects Of Divorce On Children And Children1255 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The effects of divorce on children Throughout time, people from all over the world have chosen to live together, or Ã¢â¬Å"get marriedÃ¢â¬ . Marriage is a beautiful thing, but there are some couples who are unable to maintain their relationship, because they choose divorce as a solution to cope with the problems between husband and wife. Although divorce can be solution to cope with problem between the husband and wife, it still has dangerous effects especially on their children. Children with divorced parentsRead MoreEffect Of Divorce On Children1068 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEffects of Divorce on Children While divorce may reduce strain on a failing marriage, it may cause damaging effects on the children. Often times parents are too concerned on the marriage to notice the effects on children. From the way parents react in front of the children to new marriages all can directly affect the daily lives, and behavior of children. Though, there are ways to mitigate some of the issues that can come with divorce, possibly avoiding some of the effects all together. UnfortunatelyRead MoreDivorce : The Effect On Children1084 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNicole Halterman Professor Tausch CTI 102 D Written Communication 4 October 2014 Divorce: the Effect on Children In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, divorce has become a normal occurrence. Married couples today are getting divorces due to many different reasons; conflicts in the marriage, a loss of romantic feelings, perhaps a spouse is having an affair, or other types of problems. Most divorces have children that are really young and due to their age, they do not have any idea how to deal with this type of situationRead MoreDivorce And Its Effects On Children1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages50% of all the children born to married parents today, will experience the divorce of their parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ before they are eighteen years old. Divorce in and of itself doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t necessarily harm a child, but the conflict between parents does. A childÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior correlates directly with the effects of their parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ separation. Deep emotional wounds are created before, during, and after divorce and separation. It is rare that you find a child that actually wants their parents to separate, unless the ma rriageRead MoreDivorce And Its Effects On Children1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesknow that the divorce rate in the United States hovers around fifty percent, including forty percent under the age of 21. In that fifty percent one of every six adults is likely to go through a divorce twice. Not only does divorce affect the adults involved, but forty percent of children in the United States will experience parental divorce (Portnoy, 2008). Children with divorced parents struggle with negative consequences emotionally, mentally, and academically compared to those children from intactRead MoreDivorce And Its Effect On Children998 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDivorce has become very popular in the United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, on average 50% of marriages result in a failed marriage. This percentage has been at itÃ¢â¬â¢s all time high. Not many couples have sustained a successful marriage in present days. Divorces have been around for a long time, and unfortunately kids have a lways been affected the most according to their age. As a result of divorce, there are many children that have to go through this situation at a very young ageRead MoreThe Effect Of Divorce On Children847 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbecome more unmanageable. According to Sirvanli-Ozen, recent studies confirm that the impacts of divorce on children are not restricted to the childhood period but are manifest during adolescence and adulthood as well. Many studies on the subject show that children who have experienced parent divorce have a lower degree of psychological accord and lower socioeconomic status in their adulthood (Amato Keith, 1991b; Biblarz Raftrey, 1993; Ross Mirowsky, 1999; Amato, 1996) and have more problemsRead MoreEffect Of Divorce On Children1207 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmarriages that end in divorce has been steadily increasing. When a marriage ends children are impacted and itÃ¢â¬â¢s not only emotional and devastating the couples but this also has a huge effect on the children of all ages involved. Many parents go thro ugh a divorce disaster with little knowledge of the effects that the children may go through. Some of the most common impacts that divorce has on children include the fact that children tend to start to blame themselves for the divorce, adjusting in areas
Introduction Between the years 2009 and 2008 there were multiple financial changes to the Patton Ã¢â¬â Fuller Community Hospital. Using a combination of the balance sheet, statement of revenue and expenses, and also the 2009 hospitalÃ¢â¬â¢s annual report we are able to see how the years differ in a financial situation. This paper will explain the differences in the finances that had the largest impact on the company as a whole. We will write a custom essay sample on Financial Data Analysis or any similar topic only for you Order Now Balance Sheet The assets of the company played a large role in the large jump of the numbers between 2009 and 2008. Between the two years there was a total change of 7. 5 percent of the total asset which equaled $39,232 dollars. The largest change came from a 56. 10 percent increase in the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s accounts receivables, a change of $21,121 dollars. Cash and cash flow equivalents equaled a 45. 10 percent decrease, a change of $18,856 dollars. The inventories offered a 19 percent increase, a change of $10,026 dollars (Apollo Group, 2013). According to the annual report, there was a 1 million dollar donation that provided the hospital with an opportunity to buy new equipment and supplies (Apollo Group, 2013). The liabilities of the company also proved to have multiple changes over time. Due to the purchase of the new equipment there has been a large increase of the debt accrued by the company according to the annual report. Borrowing became necessary to cover all the necessary equipment. The report also stated that an increase of supply purchases would save money in the long run due to the discounted cost at the time of the purchase (Apollo Group, 2013). The current long term debt increased 114. 80 percent a change of $10,414 dollars. The accrued expenses also rose 119. 80 percent a change of $5,013 dollars, leaving a total liability increase of 16. percent companywide leaving a change of $248,703 dollars. (Apollo Group, 2013). The total equity of the company fell between 2009 and 2008. The hospital did not do so well, although most of the shortfall can be attributed to the increase of assets they accrued over the change of 2009 to 2008. The retained earnings between the two years fell 62. 50 percent a loss of $209,471 dollars. This pushed the total liabilities and equity up by 71. 50 percent providing a difference of $39,232 dollars. 2008 proved to be a better year for the company then 2009 (Apollo Group, 2013). Statement of Revenue and Expenses The Patton Ã¢â¬â Fuller Community Hospital ended the year of 2009 with a new income of a negative $373 dollars. This is actually an increase of revenue from the loss of $15,846 dollars they finished with in 2008. The percentage of change between the two years increased to 97. 60 percent. The total expenses between the two years can attribute to the large changes that were made with the net income. In 2009 the company had a total expense of $463,293 dollars, an increase of spending by 59. 20 percent from 2008 when the total expenses were $437,424 (Apollo Group, 2013). Between 2009 and 2008 there were slight increases of the revenues by the company. In influx of patients were seen in 2009 leaving a 9. 90 percent change of $41,391 dollars between the two years. Other revenues also provide a 9. 87 percent change leading to a $277 increase for 2009. The total revenues equaled $41,668 more dollars for the company in 2009. With a 9. 89 percent increase of revenue 2009 made $462,982 dollars compared to the $421,314 dollars made in 2008 (Apollo Group, 2013). 2009 provided an increase of the fixed assets; in result of this we saw an increase by 44 percent for the depreciation and amortization of the company. The total operating income fell 98. 10 percent in 2009. Although the company was negative $311 dollars, it was still a better place to be then the $16,110 dollars from 2008. The company had a non-operating income loss of $62 dollars which was a 76. 50 percent change from 2008 of $264 dollars (Apollo Group, 2013). Conclusion When a company is provided with a large donation it can do great things for what the facilities are able to provide to their patients. With the increase of new equipment and supplies the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s need to finance has become apparent by their financial records. Although it is good to have new amenities for the patients, running a company on credit is not always what is best. There is a large need for the Patton Ã¢â¬â Fuller Community Hospital to watch spending and decrease their financial debts. References Apollo Group, Inc. (2013). Patton Ã¢â¬â Fuller Community Hospital. Annual Report 2009. Apollo Group, Inc. (2013). Patton Ã¢â¬â Fuller Community Hospital. Balance sheet as of December 31, 2009 and 2008. Apollo Group, Inc. (2013). Patton Ã¢â¬â Fuller Community Hospital. Statement of Revenue and Expense 2009 and 2008. How to cite Financial Data Analysis, Papers Financial Data Analysis Free Essays Financial Data Analysis Daphnnee Johnson HCS 577 March 18, 2013 Sharon Gomes-Sanders Financial Data Analysis After reviewing the balance sheet for Patton-Fuller Hospital for 2008 and 2009, there are significant differences that are noticeable. The retained earnings (or Ã¢â¬Å"Net WorthÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"Unrestricted Fund BalanceÃ¢â¬ ) drastically decreased from 2008 to 2009 (Apollo Group, 2006). The dollar amount decrease is -209,471, this makes a decrease of over 65%. We will write a custom essay sample on Financial Data Analysis or any similar topic only for you Order Now Long-term debt increase to more than 116% from 2008 to 2009 as well (Apollo Group, 2006). This is a massively huge increase. Total current liabilities also increase as a whole by 184. 09% (Apollo Group, 2006). Major differences are also noted on the statement of revenue and expenses. The operating income decreased by 98% from 2008 to 2009 (Apollo Group, 2006). Net income also decreased between these years by the same percentage. Non-operating income decreased by 77% as well. The total revenue and expenses all seem within normal range, but the operating income, non-operating income, and net income all have decreased and drastically (Apollo Group, 2006). The total revenue increased by 10% that is $41,668. The expenses increased by $25,869 or 5. 1%. These all seem like reasonable slight increases (Apollo Group, 2006). Many factors can contribute to why there are so many fluctuations and changes between 2008 and 2009. This information usually can be found in the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s annual report. Upon reviewing the Patton-Fuller Community HospitalÃ¢â¬â¢s annual report, I could deduct some possible explanat ions for the drastic change in numbers from 2008 to 2009 (Apollo Group, 2006). One possible explanations is, Ã¢â¬Å"Utilities and other costs Ã¢â¬â contracted maintenance, some professional fees, and computer and other usage fees Ã¢â¬â do not fluctuateÃ¢â¬ (Apollo Group, 2006, p. ). This would be an accurate reason the revenue seems so different. Another factor that made Patton-Fuller Community HospitalÃ¢â¬â¢s numbers change so drastically between the two years is the passing of the hospitalÃ¢â¬â¢s benefactor, Abigail Baderman (Apollo Group, 2006). This occurred in 2008, but in 2009 in accordance to her will, the hospital received a money donation from her estate. This $1,000,000 donation is noted as an unrestricted donation (Apollo Group, 2006). This unrestricted donation is recorded on the Interim Statement of Income in December 2009 (Apollo Group, 2006). Declines in the stock market and real estate markets resulted in a sharp drop in the return on investment income. This caused PFCH to reassess the value of its investments and, on their auditorsÃ¢â¬â¢ advice, to write down those assets (Apollo Group, 2006, p. 3). Another reason the number were so drastically different was because every December Patton-Fuller Community Hospital conducts an annual inventory (Apollo Group, 2006). When the hospital conducted its inventory their expenses for their supplies were way underestimated by about a million dollars (Apollo Group, 2006). So this had to be added on as a cost to DecemberÃ¢â¬â¢s statement. This underestimate of supply expenses made January to NovemberÃ¢â¬â¢s reports not correct, so December had to report the actual figures (Apollo Group, 2006). Therefore, December looked like it was a crazy month for the hospital. Ã¢â¬Å"Following the favorable settlement of some managed care contract disputes, net patient revenue increased by 9% over the previous year, with an average 6% increase in expenses. However, the new arrangement allowed slower payment by the managed care companies, and Patient Accounts Receivable have risen sharplyÃ¢â¬ (Apollo Group, 2006, p. ). The Board at Patton-Fuller wanted to take advantage of a heavy discount on new equipment so they moved some money around to purchase the discounted equipment (Apollo Group, 2006). This was possible by using cash and releasing restricted assets, and borrowing as necessary (Apollo Group, 2006). Ã¢â¬Å"Declines in the stock market and real estate m arkets resulted in a sharp drop in the return on investment income. This caused PFCH to reassess the value of its investments and, on their auditorsÃ¢â¬â¢ advice, to write down those assets (Apollo Group, 2006, p. 3). In conclusion, there were some drastic difference between the ears 2008 and 2009 on both the statement of revenue and expenses as well as the balance sheet. However, all of these significant changes, whether they are positive or negative changes can all be accounted for by various factors. Some of the factors included a generous donation of a million dollars, favorable settlements of managed care contract disputes, investments in new, discounted equipment, and the underestimation of the supply expenses. References Apollo Group. (2006). Patton-Fuller Community Hospital [Multimedia]. Retrieved from Apollo Group, HCS577 Ã¢â¬â Financial Management in Health Care website. How to cite Financial Data Analysis, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Feelgud, a Maryland based company, is withdrawing all of its Headache Gone products following the reported cases of illnesses in Illinois and other parts. This follows the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophy as regards to human health.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Feelgud Company and Its Philosophy of Human Health specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In a statement, the company CEO reiterated the organization was determined to safeguard its image by putting the interests of the public first. Consequently, the organization is going to work with American Center for Disease Control to destroy the product. The company decided to withdraw the product from the market following the reported cases of serious illnesses such as voting, diarrhea and general body weakness. It should be made clear to the public that the product underwent extensive testing and scientific research before being allowed to enter the market. Furthermor e, the product was allowed to trade in the American market after receiving approval from the governmental agency in charge of drug licensing. This is why the agency is willing to help the company monitor the withdrawal of the product from the market. Customer interests always guide the company meaning that the health of the public is a valued issue in the company. Even though serious cases have not yet been reported, the company decided to pull back the product to investigate the possible problem. It is possible that the quality of the product could have been compromised either at the production site in Bangladesh or at the departmental stores within the country. The company urges the public to destroy any product that might have been purchased already before this announcement. It is in the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s health records that the product was effective before its quality was compromised. This information is supported by the fact that over 95% of citizens, approximated at 170,000 use d the product successfully meaning that their needs were met. Due to developments in technology and the issue of globalization, many companies cannot trace the movement of their products. Some fraudsters could have acquired the technology used in producing the drug. Furthermore, the contents of the product could have been tempered with hence, we urge the company to remain patient as the company, together with law enforcers, embark on a serious investigation. The findings of the investigations will be made public.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The company wishes to notify the public to be cautious of any new changes in the product, including its effects, labeling, packaging, and distribution channels. Before using a product, ensure that the label is that of the company registered legally to distribute or to trade in a certain product. Moreover, the public should be aware of any new adjustments as regards to packaging. Finally, ensure that the product meets the intended purpose. Should any customer experience any effect, either negative or positive, ensure that you report to the relevant authorities. Nonetheless, never hold back your suggestions. Try as much as possible to contact the manufacture. For any clarifications, the public is urged to contact 1 800 555-2233 for further clarifications. The company wishes to assure the public that the product will be back in the market but after thorough investigations. Any inconvenience caused to the public is highly regretted. We urge the public to check continuously the press for further information regarding the product. We know that the product has been satisfying your need but your health is of great importance. You can as well check the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s website to acquaint yourself with relevant information. This essay on The Feelgud Company and Its Philosophy of Human Health was written and submitted by user Sky J. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
What is Hypnosis Essay What is Hypnosis Essay Gregory Tickner What is Hypnosis? 1847 words Sylvia Jarrett Maidsis14 Hypnosis is not a new thing by any standard. Hypnosis is a physical as well as mental state of relaxation, an altered state of consciousness into which individuals allow themselves to enter so that desired, beneficial suggestions may be given directly to the subconscious mind. Hypnotherapy is the use of hypnosis to achieve an agreed or required outcome. Hypnotherapy is thought to date back to the healing practices of ancient Greece and Egypt. Many religions such as Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and others have attributed trance-like behaviour to spiritual or divine possession. Austrian physician, Franz Mesmer is credited with being the first person to scientifically investigate the idea of hypnosis and hypnotherapy in 1779, he used it to treat a variety of health conditions. Mesmer is believed to have been the first doctor to understand the relationship of psychological trauma to illness. He induced a trance-like state, which became known as mesmerism, in his patients to successfully treat nervous disorders. Mesmer became interested in the effects of magnetism, and found that magnets could have tremendous healing effects on the human body. He believed that the human body contained a magnetic fluid that promoted health and well-being. It was thought that any blockage to the normal flow of this magnetic fluid would result in illness, and that the use of the mesmerism technique could restore the normal flow. Mesmer's technique appeared to be quite successful in the treatment of his patients but he was the subject of scorn and ridicule from the medical profession. Because of considerable controversy surrounding mesmerism a commission was convened to investigate his techniques and procedures. The commission acknowledged that patients did seem to obtain noticeable relief from their conditions, but the whole idea was dismissed as being medical charlatanism. In the 1840Ã¢â¬â¢s James Braid discovered that hypnosis could be used to successfully anesthetize patients for surgeries. James Braid accidentally discovered that one of his patients began to enter a hypnotic state while staring at a fixed light as he waited for an eye examination to begin. Since mesmerism had fallen out of favour, Braid coined the term hypnotism, which is derived from the Greek word for sleep. Braid also used the techniques of monotony, rhythm, and imitation to assist in inducing a hypnotic state. We still use many of these techniques today. Around 1900, there were very few preoperative anaesthetic drugs available and patients were naturally apprehensive when facing surgery. One out of four hundred patients would die, not from the surgical procedure but from the anaesthesia. Doctor Henry Munro was one of the first physicians to use hypnosis to alleviate patient fears about having surgery. He would get his patients into a hypnotic state and discuss their fears with them, suggesting to them that they would feel a lot better following surgery. Ether was the most common Gregory Tickner anaesthetic at that time, and Doctor Munro found that he was able to perform surgery using approximately 10% of the usual amount. It took more than two hundred years for hypnotherapy to become incorporated into medical treatment. In 1955, the British Medical Association approved the use of hypnotherapy as a valid medical treatment. Throughout History there has been much concern around Hypnosis, Hypnotherapy or being in a Hypnotic state, this is largely down to its misuse as entertainment or in stage shows where people are often Ã¢â¬Å"hypnotisedÃ¢â¬ into doing something embarrassing or against their will. Some of the most common causes of concern are whether the Hypnotist can take control of the body or mind, that the subject may reveal something which they did not wish to or that they may be lost in the trance or that the Hypnotist may not be able to return them from it. With the key to Hypnotherapy being to have a
Monday, March 2, 2020
Keep your doing words doing Keep your doing words doing There are some words that just drag your writing down. Theyre heavy and dull,Ã and they have a nasty habit of lugging even more weightÃ inÃ with them. They make the personÃ reading your writingÃ work way too hard to understand your meaning. And,Ã the fact is, theyÃ might not even bother.Ã The good news is that once you get used to recognising such words, you will be able to change them and quickly make your writing more clear, concise and direct. The doing word behind the thing What were talking about are nouns (things) that are sneakily hiding verbs (doing or being words, actions). For example, the noun discussion hides the verb (to) discuss. You can recognise a noun by the fact you put the, a or an in front of it (a discussion, for instance). These are called nominalisations. In fact, nominalisation is itself a nominalisation: to nominalise is to turn a verb or adjective into a noun. But dont worry too much about that. Watch the video to see what we mean: These nouns that hide verbs often end in -tion or -sion. Thats why we say you should shun the -tions. Its not the only ending (others include -ment, -age, -al and -ence). But its definitely something to look out for in your writing Ã¢â¬â especially if the -tion/-sion words start to pile up. Shun the -tions When you spot them, try to work out what verbs are hiding behind them. Then see if you can change your sentences to use the equivalent verbs instead. (For example, change We need a discussion to We need to discuss.) As youve seen, this will probably mean you can cut out other words too. Transform your writing in small, easy steps This video is an extract from online-learning programme, Emphasis 360, which is designed to transform your writing step by step, in practical, manageable, bite-sized lessons. You can access a full lesson from the course free of charge here.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Masculinity, Mateship and Men's Lives - Essay Example While maleness refers to the biological aspect, masculine refers to the fullest will of a man to live in a certain way and itÃ¢â¬â¢s a matter of choice to do so and not simply having a male body. It deals with the behaviour, mental quality and personality. It can also be the sexual behaviour for a man to desire heterosexual behaviour. The Mighty Boosh is a television series that tries to express masculinity in its broader perspective from the social, historical and cultural representations. It has brought about surreal representation of humour with the protagonists in the limelight to have failed in their character as men. In this case, they have been brought about to have fallen in their endeavours to become great boxers, musicians, novelists. Howard T.J Moon and Vince Noir have been brought about as Barrat and Fielding as the protagonists. They are a male couple with Barratt considering himself as very intelligent and a lover of jazz (Frank 2000). On the other hand, Vince has bee n portrayed as a lover electro and a staunch follower of fashion. His is contradiction of the character expected in the male gender. Men are not to known to follow fashion as such. This is seen as a feminine character. The show depicts the two protagonists as a couple, something that is socially and culturally backward. This shows that he is the married playing the part of the wife here. His way of handling himself and his adoration of Howard is in way very demining. Men are known to own the lead and not to be dragged into issues that primarily do not concern them of which Vince has completely denied to follow. Vince is deeply obsessed with his appearance. He takes too long to prepare himself or to leave the house. His time in resetting the hair and his concentration leaves a lot to be desired. As a matter of fact, he takes too much time in the performance of make upon himself just as the ladies do. The overall result is that he owns up to it that he has to do it to please the one h e is married to. To add insult to injury, he wears a combination of menÃ¢â¬â¢s attire and that of women. This allows him to be mistaken for a woman (Horrocks, 1994). His appearance does not so much differ from other women and the pretext form of Vince is much higher in favour of the weaker gender. This therefore renders him to be considered as the wife or the girlfriend of Howard or is otherwise the subject of the unwanted affection. In times when there arises a controversy, he is continuously abused or referred to in derogatory terms which are female in nature, like, bitch, tramp with a fringe and futuristic prostitute. The further brings in the confusion of identity. In the context of this, Vince is notably not annoyed by these as much as one would expect a normal man to react. In fact, he considers what he has done and apologizes or gives an excuse or flatters to show that these dint hit him hard on who he really pretends to be. In addition to this terms, his masculinity has be en undermined through the labels that he has been given like the Ã¢â¬ËFrench dukeÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ërock ponseÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ëcockney bitchÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ëtrendy modern wankerÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëelectro ponseÃ¢â¬â¢ after his love for that electro music. It is arguably notable that all these labels are not just for a mere female, but for one who has involved herself into immorality and sex as well as to music which is mostly identified with clubs, crazy parties and the like. On his own account,